Models

The models described below represent four generic ways that custom and self-build projects can be brought forward. Each can be adapted to suit a particular context and links through to key Case Studies that broadly fit the model described and Briefing Notes that provide guidance relevant to each Model.

Individual Opportunities
Council Initiated

A local authority delivers serviced building plots on land it already owns or acquires for the purpose. It then provides access roads and utility connections to the plot boundaries and sells ‘de-risked’ plots (with the principle of planning permission already established) directly to individual private homebuilders. It may decide to go further than the creation of plots, by offering ‘shell’ homes for individuals to fit out, or other options.

Individual Opportunities
Working with Others

A local authority works with a third party - such as a custom build developer, housing association or charitable foundation - to provide serviced building plots on land owned by the local authority or in private ownership. The plots are delivered and sold by the third party (with the principle of planning permission already established) directly to individual private homebuilders. The partner may want to go further than providing plots by offering ‘shell’ homes for individuals to fit out, or other options.

Group Projects
Council Initiated

A local authority identifies demand for group projects using its Register. It then identifies land for this purpose and markets the opportunity. It may also help groups to form, become constituted and appoint advisers to develop proposals. The local authority develops a method for assessing the proposals against key criteria and awards sites to the most robust groups.

Group Projects
Working with Others

Private groups, charitable foundations, housing associations or custom build enablers work in partnership with a local authority. Together they seek to find land, provide planning and strategic policy guidance and introduce the group to sources of finance or expertise to ensure their proposals can be viably developed.